Visit Website Alabama Governor George Wallace was a notorious opponent of desegregation, and the local county sheriff in Dallas County had led a steadfast opposition to black voter registration drives. Edmund Pettis Bridge On February 18, white segregationists attacked a group of peaceful demonstrators in the town of Marion, Alabama. In the ensuing chaos, an Alabama state trooper fatally shot Jimmie Lee Jackson, a young African-American demonstrator. The brutal scene was captured on television, enraging many Americans and drawing civil rights and religious leaders of all faiths to Selma in protest.
Board of Education Educational segregation in the U. In that year, the Supreme Court had ruled in Plessy v. Ferguson that segregation was legal, as long as things were "separate but equal.
In the lawsuit, the parents argued that the black and white schools were not "separate but equal. In their decision, the Court said: We conclude that, in Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.
However, Brown did not reverse Plessy v.
Watch video · Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and social activist, who led the Civil Rights Movement in the United States from the mids until his death by assassination in Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, – April 4, ) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from until his death in Born in Atlanta, King is best known for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience, tactics his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of. Born in Atlanta, Georgia, Martin Luther King was the son of a Baptist minister, Martin Senior, and a schoolteacher, Alberta Williams King. King grew up in the African-American business district of.
Brown made segregation in schools illegal. But segregation in all other places was still legal.
The door reflects the "Colored" and "White" signs of segregation Black and white students together after Brown in Washington, D. Marshals protect 6-year-old Ruby Bridgesthe only black child in a Louisiana school Main article: Montgomery Bus Boycott Civil rights leaders focused on Montgomery, Alabama, because the segregation there was so extreme.
On December 1,local black leader Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a public bus to make room for a white passenger. Parks was a civil rights activist and NAACP member; she had just returned from a training on nonviolent civil disobedience. They decided they would not ride on the buses again until they were treated the same as whites.
Under segregation, blacks could not sit in front of whites - they had to sit in the back of the bus. Also, if a white person told a black person to move so they could sit down, the black person had to. It lasted for days and almost bankrupt the bus system.
Inthey won the case, and the Supreme Court ordered Alabama to de-segregate its buses. The bus Rosa Parks was riding when she refused to give up her seat Court evidence showing where Parks was sitting on the bus Police report on Parks, describing her " crime " De-segregating Little Rock Central High School [ change change source ] Main article: Before this, only whites were allowed at the school.
Board of Education and de-segregate its schools.Civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
believed that nonviolent protest is the most effective weapon against a racist and unjust society. But . The Poor People's Campaign was part of the second phase of the civil rights movement. King said, "We believe the highest patriotism demands the ending of the war and the opening of a bloodless war to final victory over racism and poverty".
Martin Luther King Jr. Facts. Martin Luther King Jr. was born in in Atlanta, Georgia. King, a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist, had a seismic impact on race relations in the United.
Early in Martin Luther King, Jr. moved his family, which now included two children, Yolanda and Martin Luther King, III, to Atlanta in order to be nearer SCLC headquarters in that city and to become co-pastor, with his father, of Ebenezer Baptist Church.
Watch video · Martin Luther King Jr.
was a Baptist minister and social activist, who led the Civil Rights Movement in the United States from the mids until his death by assassination in Sit-Ins Background & Context.
was the year of the student-led lunch-counter sit-ins. For those who are not familiar with lunch-counters, they were the fast-food providers of the era (McDonalds, Taco Bell, Burger King, and others were just getting started).