Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination.
These include the persistent and increasing burden of poverty on women; inequalities in arrangements for productive activities and in access to resources; inequalities in the sharing of power and decision-making; lack of respect for and inadequate promotion and protection of the human rights of women; and inequalities in managing natural resources and safeguarding the environment.
Particular attention should be drawn to the widespread marginalization of the girl child in different spheres of life, including education, and the total exclusion caused for many by early and forced marriage.
Gender-based violence is prevalent. According to a World Health Organization survey, 41 percent of ever-partnered women in Dar es Salaam have experienced physical or sexual violence at the hands of a partner. The Government should also consider developing human rights based standard operating procedures for evictions, clearly setting it out as a matter of last resort to resolve disputes over land use between public interests, private investors and pastoralists.
It also asked Tanzania about its actions to implement the recommendations of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples and whether the government would take legislative measures to effectively protect the rights of indigenous peoples. Group arrests in connection to peaceful assemblies, non-attendance to HIV patients, as well as forcible evictions of persons due to their sexual orientation by local and religious communities have been reported.
Moreover, representatives of the groups and other human rights defenders may not be willing to make public statements in favor of tolerance and decriminalization for fear of reprisals.
The Government is urged to take a proactive stance Considered as an offence under applicable criminal law, commercial sex continues to fuel harassment and abuse. The Government is encouraged to study the effects of the arrests of these workers, the majority of whom are women.
Persecution of people with albinism The killing and mutilation of people that suffer from albinism continues. Some witch doctors believe the witchcraft to be more powerful if the victim screams during an amputation.
Navi Pillaythe United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rightssaid in March that prosecutions for these crimes are rarely successful with only five known cases of convictions out of the 72 murders of people with albinism documented in Tanzania since In addition, there were nine cases of attempted murder and reports of the desecration of graves.
Efforts have been made to prosecute the murderers. Tackling the national and international trade in body parts is also essential to ending the killings. In terms of protection, the Government has established special shelter centers for children with albinism.
However, in the long-term, this measure results in the children's isolation from society and separation from family. Therefore, the Government should explore alternative ways of protecting people with albinism, including options that promote social inclusion and tolerance.
Access to family planning could reduce maternal deaths by a third and child death by as much as 20 percent. Also needed is a consideration of the current restrictiveness of safe abortion services, which, under the Penal Code, is considered as illegal.
Reports suggest that this restrictiveness costs the lives of many women and girls seeking to conduct the act secretly, without professional guidance and under unhygienic conditions. This progress is equivalent to saving nearlychildren every year.
Nonetheless, the toll of under-five deaths still amounts to roughlydeaths per year — more than deaths in Tanzania every day. A number of laws also permit the imposition of forced or compulsory labor as a punishment for a range of offenses, including the expression of political views and the failure to engage in socially useful work.
These provisions are incompatible with relevant International Labour Organization conventions and the Government should revise these provisions as a matter of priority.
The incidence of internal trafficking is higher than that of transnational trafficking, largely from rural to urban areas, affecting primarily children for their exploitation in domestic servitude, petty trade and prostitution.
Family members and friends who offer assistance with education or lucrative employment in urban areas usually facilitate trafficking.The United Nations Human Rights Council, created at the World Summit to replace the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, has a mandate to investigate violations of human rights.
The Human Rights Council is a subsidiary body of the General Assembly  and reports directly to it. PAPER ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN-AN ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS By Ms Shabana Kesar Asst. Professor Department of Women Education Maulana Azad National Urdu University Mailing address: Department of women education, MANUU, Gachchibowli, Hyderabad, Now, therefore, THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these .
VAW is a Human Rights issue: The Declaration on the Elimination of VAW is the first International human rights instrument to exclusively & explicitly address the issue of VAW. It affirms that the phenomenon violates, impairs or nullifies women’s human rights & .
From rampant violence and sexual abuse against women, to the commission of crimes against humanity by dictators, was a year filled with pervasive human rights violations worldwide. Human rights advocates agree that, sixty years after its issue, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is still more a dream than reality.
Violations exist in every part of the world. For example, Amnesty International’s World .